Learning in Machine Learning versus Adjusting in Statistical Modeling


Artificial Intelligence (AI) has become a transformative force, revolutionizing various industries and shaping the way we interact with technology. Within the realm of AI, machine learning (ML) and deep learning (DL) play pivotal roles, enabling computers to learn, make predictions, and solve complex problems. If you possess a clear understanding of the disparity between these terms, feel free to bypass this article; otherwise, allow me to share my perspective on these concepts.

Artificial Intelligence is a broad term that refers to the development of computer systems capable of performing tasks that typically require human intelligence, such as speech recognition, decision-making, problem-solving, and learning. AI encompasses various subfields and techniques, including machine learning, natural language processing, computer vision, robotics, and more.

Machine Learning is a subset of AI that focuses on the development of algorithms and models that enable computers to learn and make predictions or decisions without being explicitly programmed. ML algorithms learn from data and improve their performance over time through experience, without the need for explicit instructions. They use statistical techniques to identify patterns and relationships in the data and make informed predictions or decisions based on that knowledge. In essence, machine learning is a crucial component of artificial intelligence. It provides the ability for AI systems to learn from data, adapt to new information, and improve their performance on specific tasks. While AI encompasses a broader range of concepts and techniques, machine learning is often the driving force behind many successful AI applications and systems. However, it’s important to note that AI can also involve non-learning approaches, such as rule-based systems or expert systems, which don’t rely on machine learning algorithms.

Deep Learning is a specialized subfield of machine learning that focuses on the development and training of artificial neural networks with multiple layers (hence the term “deep”). DL algorithms are designed to automatically learn hierarchical representations of data by using multiple layers of interconnected nodes, also known as artificial neurons. DL has gained significant attention and popularity in recent years due to its remarkable success in various AI applications, particularly in areas such as image recognition, natural language processing, and speech recognition. Deep neural networks excel at automatically extracting complex features and patterns from large volumes of data, allowing them to achieve state-of-the-art performance on challenging tasks. 

The relationship between deep learning and machine learning is that deep learning is a specific approach within the broader field of machine learning. DL methods utilize neural networks with multiple hidden layers, which enable them to learn more complex and abstract representations compared to traditional machine learning algorithms. These deep neural networks are trained on large datasets, often using a technique called backpropagation, to iteratively adjust the network’s weights and biases to minimize prediction errors. In summary, deep learning is a subset of machine learning that focuses on training deep neural networks to automatically learn hierarchical representations of data. It has become a powerful tool within the AI field, providing advanced capabilities in tasks such as image and speech recognition. DL is just one approach among many in the broader landscape of ML and AI.